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Omitted from websites of estate agents, chartered surveyors, Eastbourne Citizens Advice Bureau (CAB), Eastbourne Borough Council (EBC), East Sussex County Council (ESCC) and the Sovereign Harbour Residents Association (SHRA) is any mention that all who purchase freehold and leasehold properties and their successors in Eastbourne's Sovereign Harbour become covenanted to pay an Annual Estate Rentcharge (AER) of the type found nowhere else in Britain, Europe and the world. Sovereign Harbour is owned by the privately-held The Wellcome Trust which owns Premier Marinas Ltd, the Sovereign Harbour Trust (SHT) and its subsidiary Sovereign Harbour (Sea Defences) Community Interest Company Ltd. The purpose of the latter is to charge Sovereign Harbour residents the Annual Estate Rentcharge, not give them any beneficial community interest. The SHT levies the AER and its Sea Defences CIC demands it. Nor does any estate agent website marketing any Sovereign Harbour residential property show a link to the SHT and its AER components. They make it clear the AER is not a nominal sum but a significant one, £263.55 per residential unit in 2020 irrespective of whether the property is worth £175,000 or £1.4 million. The AER is not instead of but in addition to council taxes, property insurance, management fees and ground rents. Deeds for each AER-registered property showing the AER obligation are registered by the harbour owners' private Sovereign Harbour Trust and/or its private Community Interest Company (both of which have an Eastbourne Borough Councillor on their boards of directors and trustees) with the Land Registry. Nor is it mentioned that some of the AER paid by Sovereign Harbour owner- residents (but not by The Wellcome Trust or Premier Marinas or any of their entities or any of the many property developers and other businesses that benefit much more than harbour residents) to the SHT is paid by the SHT to the Environment Agency for flood defence provided by the private Pevensey Bay Sea Defence Ltd (PBSD). Yet omitted from their websites is any mention that only the 3,500 Sovereign Harbour owner-residents, none of the 17,500 homeowners in Pevensey, Pevensey Bay, Wealden District Council and Bexhill, Eastbourne or elsewhere in the UK pay this cost. Also omitted are that this flood defence scheme does not just include the 1 kilometre width of Sovereign Harbour but also the area 9 miles east of Sovereign Harbour from Pevensey Bay to Bexhill on Sea. Because estate agents do not refer to this principal AER covenant, mortgage companies are misled into believing only a harbour charge applies, not an estate rentcharge that mortgage companies either deny to applicants or charge extra to indemnify. A second unique covenant similarly undisclosed upfront by estate agents requires owners/leaseholders of 369 South Harbour properties within the water feature precinct to pay an (additional, not applicable elsewhere) annual water feature charge of more than £310. Potential new buyers of Sovereign Harbour property also need to know upfront that although Sovereign Harbour is a private estate they as buyers and exclusive payers of the AER get no exclusivity, the general public and their dogs can access Sovereign Harbour beaches, pathways and walkways at no cost.
By Keith A. Forbes and his wife Lois Ann Forbes at firstname.lastname@example.org Both disabled, they live in Eastbourne and write, administer and webmaster this website. Keith is a member of the UK's The Society of Authors and an activist for the elderly and disabled.
Eastbourne Town Hall, where our councillors not not give Sovereign Harbour residents the same rights as the rest of Eastbourne
Sovereign Harbour is part of Eastbourne Borough Council's Sovereign Ward. A Ward is a local electoral district. Sovereign Ward also includes the residential areas of Langney Point and Kingsmere and homes on the south side of St. Anthony's Avenue and the Queen's Crescent area. The Sovereign Harbour area, largest part of the ward, is the largest composite marina development in the UK and the largest sheltered marina in northern Europe.
They deliberately fail to ensure that estate agents comply fully with the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 (CPRs) and the Business Protection from Misleading Marketing Regulations 2008 (BPRs). The government took this step to reduce duplicate legislation regulating estate agents and other businesses involved in property sales and lettings. The previous legislation, the Property Misdescriptions Act 1991 (PMA), which had made it a criminal offence for estate agents to make false or misleading statements about properties being offered for sale, was repealed on1 October 2013. The CPRs prohibit all traders from using unfair commercial practices in their dealings with individual consumers, and estate agents in particular are prohibited from engaging in commercial practices that are unfair to sellers, buyers, potential sellers or potential buyers of residential property. The BPRs prohibit traders in all sectors, including estate agents, from using misleading practices in their business-to-business advertisements. This includes misleading marketing used to advertise property for sale. While the PMA only covered estate agents, the CPRs and BPRs are much wider in scope covering letting agents and property managers.
The CPRs prohibit misleading actions that cause or are likely to cause the average consumer to take a transactional decision he or she would not have taken otherwise. The CPRs prohibit misleading actions that could cause average consumers to take a transactional decision he or she or they would not take otherwise. A transactional decision is not just whether a consumer decides to purchase a property but also includes such things as to whether to view a property in the first place. A misleading action or omission includes omitting to mention any deeds or covenants or restrictions unique to an area such as those we alone in the UK, Europe and the world have to bear here in Sovereign Harbour. We know beyond any doubt this has caused some consumers, after hearing about the facts from present residents, to neither want to view nor buy or rent or lease any Sovereign Harbour property because of the extra costs and conditions of the Estate Rent charge and other factors that nowhere else imposes.
Although the CPRs and BPRs have now been in force since 2008, some are clearly still unfamiliar to many estate agents and relevant others selling or leasing or renting properties and consumers. This prompted the Office of Fair Trading to publish guidance specifically for estate agents on the new Regulations on what they need to know in applying descriptions on a property. They have been circulated and can be seen at https://www.businesscompanion.info/en/quick-guides/services/estate-agents-property-descriptions. There is also know a specified Code of Practice for all residential Estate Agents and relevant others. See https://www.tradingstandards.uk/media/documents/commercial/codes-of-practice/tpo-sales.pdf. Thus, Estate agents and relevant others selling or leasing or renting properties to consumers need to be particularly careful about how they advertise properties for sale or lettings, and to make sure their particulars on properties are accurate. Describing properties as ‘stunning’, ‘desirable’ or in a ‘quiet area’ now require evidence to back up such statements. Estate agents and relevant others selling or leasing or renting properties to consumers particulars that contain misleading omissions are also liable by the new Regulations.
Agents who do not wish to be in contravention of the new rules and regulations are now expected to make sure they have all their client vendors or landlords check and sign off on the accuracy of their particulars. Agents should also ensure their staff are trained on making certain their particulars and advertising are compliant with the Regulations. General disclaimers telling buyers not to rely on details are no longer valid, but are still being used by estate agents with the councils' full knowledge. Estate agents and other businesses involved in property sales and leasing or letting that breach either the CPRs or BPRs risk prosecution by their local authority trading standards services responsible for enforcement by bringing criminal prosecutions. On conviction, agents can face substantial fines or in more serious cases imprisonment.
Not mentioned on any estate agents or council or public authority or any other community websites is that potential purchasers of residential Sovereign Harbour property must know in advance that the Estate Rental Charge, when mentioned at all, is referred to misleadingly as an annual flood defence and harbour charge payable by them but is not levied anywhere else in Britain or Europe or the world. A much wider geographical flood zone area than just Sovereign Harbour is involved, affecting more than 17,000 homes as far as Bexhill, yet only 3,700 Sovereign Harbour residents (and subsequent owners) are covenanted pay the annual cost. The previous Member of Parliament has stated publicly this is unfair and unjust. Yet all business services including management companies and property developers harbour-wide are exempted. An additional covenant, again not payable anywhere else in the world, applies to owners of some South Harbour properties in the water feature precinct. In both cases, they are in addition to local council taxes, insurance, management fees and ground rents. These key facts should not be omitted yet are being consistently ignored by estate agents marketing Sovereign Harbour properties. The two councils benefit hugely from the fact that about five million visitors a year visit Eastbourne and probably more than 10% of them, at least 500,000, visit Sovereign Harbour, admire its views, swim from its two beaches, or cycle or walk along its beach and harbour walkways. In nowhere else in the world do the local authorities make residents alone pay for the facilities enjoyed by the general public. In fact:
The Eastbourne Borough Council has a representative on the board of the private sector Sovereign Harbour Trust and its subsidiary that levies the Annual Estate Rental Charge/harbour charge/water/flood defense charge above. Instead of formally objecting to it on behalf of their Sovereign Harbour constituents who alone have to pay the charge, and/or ensuring that others beyond Sovereign Harbour who are also included in the flood area must pay it too instead of being exempted, our two councils both approve it and have direct representation on the facility that requires us to pay it via its Community Interest Company. This Estate Rental Charge occurs solely and uniquely within their jurisdiction. It means that both leasehold and freehold properties are thus covenanted in ways no other local authority in the UK, Europe or the world encounters.
Sovereign Harbour Councillors are unconcerned by the fact the 2020 cost of the Annual Estate Rentcharge of £263.55 per residential unit applies, irrespective of whether a residential unit is worth £158,000 or £800,000 or more. Yet council taxes are banded in council-assessed values with the least valuable paying far less than the most valuable.
So say all various law firms and entities below because they cause grave concern. But Eastbourne Borough Council and East Sussex County Council have approved them for implementation by all property developers in Sovereign Harbour including the newest developments. Yet they do not exist in any of the 11 other Eastbourne or East Sussex areas.
Neither the councillors nor their councils require estate agents to state up-front, accurately, that there is an Annual Estate Rentcharge applicable on all Sovereign Harbour residential properties. Instead, they allow estate agents, chartered surveyors, solicitors and local entities to refer to it inaccurately and misleadingly as a "harbour charge" -implying it is on the same basis as other harbour charges. It is not the same, it is hugely different. Reputable mortgage lenders are very wary, for sound legal reasons, of financing properties affected by a rentcharge. To protect consumers who live in their areas, councils should be protecting them. They should not be allowing mortgage lenders to be deceived.
Newcomers need to know they will pay appreciably more Council Taxes than other parts of Eastbourne even though their properties may worth less in market value than homes elsewhere in Eastbourne. Many estate agents selling or leasing or renting Sovereign Harbour properties do not habitually show the Council Tax applicable to each property. Here, council taxes are paid to not one but two local authorities, Eastbourne Borough Council and East Sussex County Council (which gets the biggest share of the taxes). A councillor from each authority serves Sovereign Harbour. Council Taxes in Sovereign Harbour are on average the highest in Eastbourne, far higher even for leasehold properties with no ownership of gardens or communal gardens or garages or outbuildings than for single family freehold residences with garages and outbuildings elsewhere in Eastbourne and with a higher market value.
Sovereign Harbour is Eastbourne's highest-yielding Ward for Council Taxes collection, with far fewer liabilities than other wards. Sovereign Harbour residents pay the highest council taxes in Eastbourne for mostly leasehold properties that in terms of market value are worth far less than others elsewhere in Eastbourne that are worth far more yet pay lower Council Taxes. There is not a single property in Sovereign Harbour in the A or B Council Tax category. Nor are there any schools to fund or playing fields. Sovereign Ward councillors. Nor do Sovereign Harbour beaches come under their jurisdiction. Sovereign Harbour residents pay the highest council taxes in the UK but get the fewest council-provided benefits. Neither the Eastbourne County Council nor East Sussex County Council recognize that for the Estate Rent Charge Sovereign Harbour residents alone have to pay on top of their Council Taxes they should be receiving a similarly unique category of a lower council tax applicable solely to payers of the Estate Rental Charge. Instead of being shown legally as Renters because they come under this unique Estate Rental Charge they get no discount, even when most residents are in fact not owners but long-leaseholders.
Councillors should be protecting and supporting their constituents by (a) realizing that under the Equality Act cyclists should walk not ride their cycles so as not to have a speed advantage over pedestrians and the vulnerable and (b) requiring cyclists to keep to the registered cycle track shared areas of council-adopted Atlantic and Pacific Avenues.
With Covid 19 so prevalent in the UK since March 2020, EBC councillors are not insisting as they should and as central government requires all including councillors to abide by, that social distancing be as mandatory on Sovereign Harbour's walkways and pavements as they are elsewhere. Two cyclists passing in opposite direction need approximately three metres of space to maintain a two metre gap. On a two metre path, such as exists long Sovereign Harbour North's beachfront, social distancing is impossible. Thus such paths need to be closed to cyclists instead of councillors permitting them. It is time County and Borough adhered to government's central advice on what constitutes quality walking and cycling active travel) strategies.
There are two Eastbournes. One, the far larger part, comprising all other 11 wards, is fair. But the Sovereign Harbour part of Sovereign Ward is prejudiced against.
Sovereign Harbour is not included in any of the present or planned Tourism Accommodation areas of Eastbourne. There, they are are confined to the town or nearby on its western side, see http://planningpolicyconsult.eastbourne.gov.uk/consult.ti/TAR_SPD/viewCompoundDoc?docid=8089684&sessionid=&voteid=&partId=8090292, According to that illustration there are no present or planned facilities in Sovereign Harbour, now one of Eastbourne's major tourism and visitor attractions. All tourism accommodation and visitor attractions are listed merely in or near the much more crowded Eastbourne town area, nice for local residents perhaps but now constantly and increasingly frustrating to tourists and visitors and not at all convenient to Sovereign Harbour (especially in rush hour or busy summertime traffic when it can take over 40 minutes by car or bus to go from the Eastbourne Pier area or town hotels to Sovereign Harbour less than three miles away). There are no Sovereign Harbour hotels but there are quite a few flats that offer quality tourist accommodation. Places with similar scenic features in other parts of the world that do offer any type of tourism accommodation are given adequate mention by their jurisdictions and it should be the case here too.Sovereign Harbour's two beaches are not shown as Eastbourne beaches. Listed Eastbourne beaches only go as far as groyne number 94 at Langney Point. The Eastbourne beach list should have long ago been extended to include these two Sovereign Ward beaches in Eastbourne. Presently, because they are not included in Eastbourne's beaches despite being in the Sovereign Ward councils area, they do not get the same level of supervision, oversight, dogs and leashes controls, usage rules and maintenance as Eastbourne beaches. No other localities in the UK with beaches in their council tax area deliberately omit beaches from their council jurisdiction.
Sovereign Harbour beaches cannot be used by the disabled, too much of a slope for those with either mobility or walking problems or in a wheelchair. Nor are there any toilets or benches or railings. Only Sovereign Harbour residents, including the disabled, have to pay for beach maintenance in their Annual Estate Rentcharge. But 3 million members of the general public can use the beaches for free.
Instead of dealing with it as a council issue, as it does in all other Eastbourne beaches - see http://www.eastbourne.gov.uk/residents/leisure-and-events/eastbourne-seafront/report-a-problem/report-a-seafron Thist-issue/ - the Eastbourne Borough Council (EBC) states it is unable to respond to reports about Sovereign Harbour. This makes the EBC the only local authority not only in the whole of the UK but also in the rest of the world with a beach in the local authority's jurisdiction over which it does not regulate or have oversight or receive complaints and it is not responsible.
The central government has said recently that to improve the quality of people's lives in towns and cities it has given £4.2 million to each local authority to plant trees on streets on which they live. None of this has found its way to Sovereign Harbour. It is also accepted wisdom that trees planted on streets near where homes are for sale or rent can improve property prices by as much as 15-20%. Margaret Lipscombe, then the director of urban programmes at the Tree Council, says trees bring a plethora of benefits to people's lives. "Not only are trees beautiful but they are practical. They provide shade in the summer and then their leaves drop off, allowing light in when it is needed in winter. Additionally, they are good for climate change because trees and their foliage help put water back into the atmosphere which cools the area. And they jelp biodiversity as tree-lined streets provide wildlife, Plus, trees encourage healthier lifestyles. Studies have shown that people are calmer when trees are in their environment. As the council has promised to put trees in the newest area of Sovereign Harbour North - Macauley Place - it should surely do the same to other streets and roads with no roadside trees elsewhere in Sovereign Harbour.
Example of how councils elsewhere, except the Eastbourne Borough Council and East Sussex County Council in Eastbourne's Sovereign Harbour, provide trees on roadsides
Trees on an European walkway. Photo by authors Keith and Lois Forbes. If only Sovereign Harbour had such trees on any of its walkways or pavements
Trees overseas that grace a seaside area. No trees of any kind similarly enhance the Sovereign Harbour or its seaside area.
The Magic of Tree-Lined Streets. See https://www.strongtowns.org/journal/2016/6/26/the-magic-of-tree-lined-streets-1
Plants for Coastal Areas. See https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?pid=472
Urban Tree Planting Opportunities. See http://www.greenblue.com/gb/green-infrastructure/urban-tree-planting-opportunities/
Despite broadcasting publicly what they have been doing in affordable housing - see https://democracy.lewes-eastbourne.gov.uk/documents/s6189/Affordable%20Housing%20Supplementary%20Planning%20Document%20-%20Appendix%201.pdf - in fact they have, as councils, accepted extra payments from developers to exempt them from affordable housing requirements. A formula exists that allow developers to pay extra to their local councils to avoid affordable public housing that detracts from the marketability of the homes they build.
The net effect of this has been that homes in those areas have cost homeowners more at Macauley Place and elsewhere, because the developers added the sums they have paid to councils to their costs to buyers. In the process, Councils have allowed developers on the private land they own to apply the Annual Estate Rentcharge.
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© 2020. Revised: December 3, 2020